FRANCE: Usable in Organic farming (UAB) claim granted to more than 50 new products

The French National Institute of Origin and Quality (INAO) has decided to include PPP registered for amateur uses and products authorised for use after harvest, according to their criteria, in the register of inputs which can be used in organic farming.

This decision is issued in the context of the implementation of significant restrictions on the sales of products for amateur use pursuant to Labbé’s law (February 2014) and modified by the Energetic transition law (August 2015) as of 1 January 2019: products with the UAB claim will remain on the market and will continue to be used by amateurs.

Thus, more than 50 products are awarded UAB claim.


As a reminder, on the E-phy website and in the open data file of the catalogue of PPPs, products with the mention UAB can be easily found by applying a filter on searches.

See also our previous articles:

FRANCE: Focus on the bans of Amenity uses and Home & Garden products

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FRANCE: Update of the Appendix to the guidelines for the delivery of approvals by ANSES

ANSES has published an update of the risk-mitigation measures that appear the most frequently and that are described in the Annex to the Guidelines for the delivery of approvals of plant protection products and adjuvants on 02/04/2018. This update follows, inter alia, the publication of the Order of 4 May 2017 on the use of plant protection products and their adjuvants, repealing the Order of 12 September 2016.

The main changes are as follows:

  • Measures concerning residues and consumer exposure: two new measures to manage the risk of MRL exceedance for perennial crops
  • Measures concerning risks to the environment:
    • Aquatic organisms:
      • New SPe 2 phrases relating to soil types, products to be incorporated into the soil, depth of sowing and wastewater discharges from off-ground greenhouses
      • New SPe 3 phrases for unsprayed buffer zone to water surface bodies for uses on potato
      • Unsprayed buffer zone to water surface bodies up to more than 100 meters
    • Birds and mammals: new SPe 5 and SPe 6 phrases relative to treated seeds

To download: Annexe aux lignes directrices pour la délivrance des décisions relatives à la mise sur le marché des produits phytopharmaceutiques et adjuvants (in French)

See also our previous articles:

FRANCE: The new Order on the Use of PPPs and adjuvants is finally published!

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

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FRANCE: Risks/Benefits of neonicotinoids compared to their alternatives

The French Agency Anses published on May 30th the final opinion regarding risks and benefits for plant protection products containing neonicotinoids and their alternatives. The assessment was initiated in 2016 as part of the implementation of the Law for biodiversity regrowth, nature and landscapes. This Law sets a ban for products containing  active substances from the neonicotinoids family and for seeds treated with these products from 1st September 2018, exemptions being possible until 1st July 2020 based on a comparative assessment performed by Anses of the benefits and risks linked to the uses of these products and of available substitution products and alternative strategies.

It is to be noted that restriction measures regarding the use of this insecticide family are also set at EU level. Indeed, the use of Imidacloprid, Clothianidin and Thiamethoxam has just been restricted to permanent greenhouses or to the treatment of seeds intended to be used only in permanent greenhouses by Regulations (EU) 2018/783, 2018/784 and 2018/785 published on May 30th. The resulting crop must stay within a permanent greenhouse during its entire life cycle. Member States shall amend or withdraw existing authorisations for products containing these active substances by 19 September 2018 at the latest, with a grace period, if any, expiring by 19 December 2018 at the latest.

Anses opinion is composed of 3 volumes:

– ldentification of alternatives to the authorised uses of neonicotinoids

Chemical and non-chemical alternatives were identified for most of the 130 authorised uses of neonicotinoids. In six cases, no alternative was identified.

Chemical alternatives rely on the same family of active substances, or on a single active substance active or a single marketed product.

In the current state of knowledge, the non-chemical methods appearing to be most suitable for immediately, effectively and sustainably replacing neonicotinoids are biological control, physical control by applying a protective layer (paraffin oil, clay, etc.) and mating disruption, when these methods are already available in France or easily transferable.

– ldentification of risk indicators for human health and  for environment, including pollinators

Two risk indicators for human health (dietary and non-dietary exposure) and six risk indicators  for environment (risks for birds, mammals, earthworms, aquatic organisms, bees and groundwater) were used but did not permit to globally and concisely conclude regarding substances with the least unfavourable risk profiles compared to that of neonicotinoids.

– Impact assessment of the ban of concerned PPPs on agricultural activity

Carrying out an assessment of the agricultural impact of the ban on neonicotinoids, aside from the fact that it does not address the environmental, health and social consequences for which there is no scientific consensus, raises a number of challenges that were not resolved, especially concerning the methodology, and data availability and reliability. The opportunities for alternative practices have yet to be confirmed and economical analysis methods devoted to the transformation and adaptation capacities of agricultural systems need to be developed.

To conclude, Anses remind that a combination of different methods is needed to fight efficiently against pests. The Agency warns about the fact that the ban on the use of substances belonging to the neonicotinoid family risks causing increased resistance to other insecticides, especially pyrethrinoids, if they are used as alternatives. According to Anses, it is currently difficult to predict the impact of this ban on agricultural activity. Anses recommend speeding up the implementation of effective alternative methods for crop protection and management that are safer for humans and the environment (chemical mediators, beneficial insects, etc.).

 

To download (in French):

AVIS et RAPPORT de l’Anses “Risques et bénéfices relatifs des alternatives aux produits phytopharmaceutiques comportant des néonicotinoïdes” – Tome 1

AVIS et RAPPORT de l’Anses “Risques et bénéfices relatifs des alternatives aux produits phytopharmaceutiques comportant des néonicotinoïdes” – Tome 2

AVIS et RAPPORT de l’Anses “Risques et bénéfices relatifs des alternatives aux produits phytopharmaceutiques comportant des néonicotinoïdes” – Tome 3

 

See also our previous articles:

EUROPE: Neonicotinoids ban for outdoor uses

FRANCE: ANSES recommends strengthening the conditions of use of Neonicotinoids

 

FRANCE: New website of a French think tank about resistance to Plant Protection Products (R4P)

The website R4P provides tools and information useful for persons involved in management of resistance to Plant Protection Products and is the result of a partnership between ANSES, INRA (French National Institute for Research in Agriculture) and DGAL (French Ministry of Agriculture).

The R4P network aims at:
– maintaining a public expertise on PPP and responding to requests from professionals;
– sharing knowledge and methodologies on PPP resistance;
– promoting the transfer of bilateral expertise between scientists and professionals;
– favouring an evolutionary approach on PPP resistance in order to anticipate and predict it;
– unifying the forces available in France on the theme of resistance to PPPs and developing common research projects.

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

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EUROPE: Guidance for the dose expression for vertical crops (Belgium and Central zone)

This guidance document, drawn up in December 2017 and which has just been published, explains how Belgium has been dealing for many years with the expression of the doses per hectare Leaf Wall Area (LWA) for the application of plant protection products to the canopy of vertical crops. This document contains all the information necessary to allow approval holders of plant protection products to calculate a dose per hectare of LWA and to prepare the application dossier according to the Belgian requirements. Meanwhile, the completeness check procedure and the draft Registration Report format have also been adapted. The guidance document thus contains both instructions for approval holders and for the Authorities on the assessment of the applications for authorisation. These new criteria will apply to all applications submitted in Belgium after 31st December 2018.

At last, this document reminds decisions made for the Central zone regarding the dose expression for vertical crops:

  • The LWA concept should first become effective in the efficacy evaluation in grapevine, pome fruit and high growing vegetables;
  • In these crops, application dossiers for new products (under Article 33) will only be accepted when trials were planned and carried out based on LWA (to become effective from 01.01.2020);
  • Accordingly, the respective trials must be planned and carried out based on LWA (to become effective from 01.01.2018);
  • The LWA dose rate shall be indicated in the GAP table.

To download: Dose expression for vertical crops

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FRANCE: New spray drift reduction equipments

The French list of spray drift reduction equipments which allow the reduction of the width of unsprayed buffer zones from water bodies was updated by DGAL/SDQSPV/2018-347 note of 27 April  2018. This note repeals the previous Note DGAL/SDQSPV/2017-437 of 23 May 2017 (see our previous article: FRANCE: Update of the list of spray drift reduction equipment – May 2017).

This note aims at updating the list of spraying equipments characterised by a minimum efficacy of 66% for drift reduction. New equipments were added for vineyards, orchards and low crops.

To download:

Note de service DGAL/SDQSPV/2018-347 (in French)

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