FRANCE: Update of the official list of biocontrol products – February 2019

The French Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry has published a new update of the official list of biocontrol plant protection products in accordance with articles L.253-5 and L.253-7 of the Rural Code. This note reminds that the law No. 2018-938 of 30 October 2018 for achieving a balance in trade relations in the agricultural sector and for healthy, sustainable and affordable food (also called EGalim) has completed the biocontrol provisions introduced by the French Law for agriculture, food and forestry of 13 October 2014. The EGalim law plans in particular a National strategic deployment plan for biocontrol products that will be presented in the year 2019.

The biocontrol plant protection products from the list are exempted from the ban on discounts, rebates and price reductions and from the implementation of specific risk mitigation measures to protect residents set by the EGalim law (Articles 74 and 83).

As a reminder, it has to be noted that only the biocontrol products having the claim « emploi autorisé dans les jardins » (EAJ) can be used by non-professional users (as well as  the EAJ products considered as low risk or authorised for organic farming).

To download: Note DGAL/SDQSPV/2019-144 of 13.02.2019 (in French)

See also our previous articles:

FRANCE: New Agriculture and Food law published

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FRANCE – ANSES: recommendations to strengthen the protection of bees

As part of the French action plan on plant protection products (PPP) and on a less pesticide-dependent agriculture, ANSES was seized mid-2018 by the Ministries of Agriculture and Ecological Transition to make recommendations aimed at strengthening the regulatory framework for the protection of bees and other pollinating insects.

ANSES was notably asked to review the requirements to obtain an exemption like a “Bee claim”, as defined by the French decree of 28 November 2003. As a reminder, this national measure supplements and strengthens the European legislation as regards the use of insecticides and acaricides. It bans the spray application of these PPP during flowering and/or honeydew production periods, except in the case of a justified exemption and the attribution of a “Bee claim”.

After an analysis of all available data (in particular those coming from national monitoring networks), ANSES issued the following recommendations:

  • Extend the ban of spraying insecticides and acaricides during flowering and/or honeydew production periods:  
    • to all PPP sprayed during these periods,
    • to all PPP containing systemic active substances and sprayed before flowering of the crop or used as seed treatments,
    • including, microbial-based PPP.
  • Require new types of studies to obtain the exemption “Bee claim” (including for products already authorised) or for the use of systemic active substances via spray application before flowering of the crop or via seed treatments:
    • Honeybees (A. mellifera)
      • Larval toxicity test following repeated exposure (OECD GD 239),
      • Study of effects other than brood development following a chronic exposure (laboratory test on adult bees, 20-30 days exposure) – after validation of the test,
      • Study of long-term effects following an acute exposure (hypopharyngeal gland development) – after validation of the test, and
      • Study of behavioral effects (homing capacity of forager bees) – after validation of the test – in the case of insecticides targeting the central nervous system.
    • Bumblebees (B. terrestris)
      • Acute oral and contact toxicity tests, and
      • Toxicity tests under more realistic conditions (e.g. tunnel) – after validation of the tests

ANSES also reiterates its previous recommendations made to protect bees in the context of the French decree of 28 November 2003 (2013-SA-0234 – in French): irrespective of the crop concerned, PPP with an exemption “Bee claim” should only be applied after sunset and within the next three hours, with measures to ensure operator safety.

Finally, while the “new” EFSA Guidance on Bees (EFSA Journal 2013;11(7):3295) has still not been implemented at EU level, ANSES will start an update of the risk assessment approach for bees and other pollinators. This work will be based on the methodology proposed by EFSA, in particular for the chronic risk assessment for bees (adults and larvae), and by taking into account different exposure scenarios.

To download (in French):

AVIS de l’Anses relatif à l’évolution des dispositions réglementaires visant à protéger les abeilles et les insectes pollinisateurs sauvages (Saisine 2018-SA-0147)

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

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FRANCE: Glyphosate phase-out plan issued

The measures of the glyphosate phase-out plan launched by the government to put an end to the main uses of glyphosate by 2020 and to all its uses by 2022 were disclosed on 17 January 2019.

The animation and the follow-up of this action plan are entrusted to a “Task Force” gathering the Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition, INRA (French National Institute for Research in Agriculture), ACTA (network of French Agricultural Institutes) and APCA (Chambers of Agriculture Assembly) and chaired by Prefect Pierre-Étienne Bisch, appointed inter-ministerial coordinator of the glyphosate phase-out plan on 1st  December 2018. The coordinator, who will be responsible for reporting on actions taken and progress made every three months to ministers and parliamentarians, was auditioned by the National Assembly on 17 January 2019.

Among the measures of this action plan, a resource center was put online on 1st February 2019 to make available to the whole agricultural profession existing solutions to get out of glyphosate. The contributions, intended to get extended, come from farmers and field experiences, and can be consulted through summary articles, technical sheets and farmer experiences organised by sectors.


The press release also reminds the existence of the websiteglyphosate.gouv.fr” presented by the government on 22 November 2018, intended to monitor the number of farmers having stopped any use of glyphosate or engaged in this way. A start-up will also be launched during the first quarter of 2019 to allow the emergence of digital tools to support farmers.

Finally, this press release informs that, following the glyphosate approval by the European Commission for 5 years, ANSES will re-assess applications for renewal of approvals for PPPs containing glyphosate with paying particular attention to certain points such as their genotoxic potential and the conformity of the co-formulants used, the protection of operators, the protection of groundwater and biodiversity, which might lead to restrictions of use.

ANSES will carry out a comparative assessment of the products remaining authorised by the end of 2020 with the support of INRA, after which only uses without alternative will be maintained.
In accordance with the regulation renewing the approval of glyphosate, ANSES will restrict the pre-harvest use of glyphosate to spot application in all approvals, and thus withdraw all broadcast herbicidal uses before harvest.

See also our previous articles:

FRANCE: Towards glyphosate phase out

EUROPE: Renewal of glyphosate approval

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

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FRANCE: 2019 National memos on the sustainable management of resistance to fungicides

Three national memos on the sustainable management of resistance to fungicides were published:

  • Management of resistance to fungicides used to control cereals diseases (in French)
  • Management of resistance to fungicides used to control Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in oilseed rape (in French)
  • Management of resistance to fungicides used to control vineyard diseases: downy mildew, powdery mildew, grey mould, black rot (in French)

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

FRANCE: Withdrawal of products based on thiram

As a result of the entry into force of Regulation (EU) 2018/1500 concerning the non-renewal of thiram approval, ANSES has withdrawn 10 authorisations and 3 parallel trade permits for plant protection products containing this active substance.

The authorisations are withdrawn on 30.01.2019 (withdrawal decisions).

The end of sales and distribution is set on 30.04.2019 for foliar applications.

The end of sales and distribution is set on 31.07.2019 for seed treatment applications.

The end of use of the stocks of products is set on 30.04.2019 for foliar applications.

The end of use of the stocks of products is set on 31.01.2020 for seed treatment applications.

The end of use of treated seeds  is set on 31.01.2020.

To download: List of withdrawal of products based on thiram (in French)

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

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