The government has launched a public consultation on Monday 09 September, for a period of 3 weeks, a new framework for the use of plant protection products near habitations.
This system is aimed in particular at strengthening the protection of health of the populations living nearby crop areas treated with plant protection products, as well as that of farmers. Two texts are proposed:
– a draft decree framing the drafting of the concerted commitment charters introduced by the Agriculture and Food Act (EGalim law – Article 83) and their validation by the department prefect
These charters must make it possible to set up a local dialogue between users and local residents and will define in a concerted and adapted manner a certain number of measures, such as pre-treatment information modalities.
– a draft order defining new regulatory measures in response to the decision of the Council of State of 26 June 2019 concerning the partial cancellation of the Order of 4 May 2017.
This draft order defines in particular the minimum distances to be respected between the spreading zones and the residential areas. These minimum distances are based on the recommendations made by ANSES in its opinion of 14 June 2019:
– 10 m minimum for the application of plant protection products classified H300, H304, H310, H330, H331, H334, H340, H350, H350i, H360, H360F, H360D, H360FD, H360Fd H360Df, H370, H372 or containing an active substance considered as an endocrine disruptor;
– for other plant protection products, 10 m minimum for high crops and 5 m minimum for low crops.
These minimum distances can be adapted within the framework of charters validated at the departmental level, after exchanges between the farmers, the local residents and the elected officials.
These minimum distances may be reduced to 3 m for low crops and grapevine and to 5 m for other crops, provided that the most environmentally efficient spraying equipment is used.
The entry into force of these texts, which are also subject to consultation with the European Commission, is scheduled for 1 January 2020.
The file for consultation is available on the Public Consultations page of the website of the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition.
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