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FRANCE: Public consultation on Ecophyto II+

The French government has started on 20 November 2018 the public consultation on the different lines of action of the Ecophyto II+ plan. The consultation closes on 10 December 2018 (access the consultation).

As a reminder, Ecophyto II+ plan features the actions set in the French action plan of 25 April 2018 on plant protection products (PPP) and on a less pesticide-dependent agriculture, and those in the French action plan of 22 June 2018 for a ban of glyphosate within three years. Ecophyto II+ thereby strengthens the measures taken to reach the goal of 50% reduction in pesticide use in France by 2025.

Main Ecophyto II+ objectives are:

  • Speed up the withdrawal of substances of greatest concern, on the one hand, and promote the use of biocontrol products and of ‘natural’ preparations of low concern (denominated Préparations Naturelles Peu Préoccupantes, PNPP), on the other hand.
  • Strengthen the measures to avoid population exposure to PPP and to reduce the impact of PPP on the Environment.
  • Support research on the risks and effects of PPP use and demonstrate the effectiveness of farming programs with low PPP use.
  • Support farmers in this transition with notably (i) financial and technical supports, (ii) the separation of sale and consultancy activities of PPP (French EGalim law of 30 October 2018), and (iii) revise the French tax on diffuse pollution to make it more incentive.

 

To download:

Press release of 20 November 2018 – Consultation on the Ecophyto II+ plan (in French)

 

See also our previous articles:

FRANCE: Ecophyto II+, update and improvement of Ecophyto II

FRANCE: New Agriculture and Food law published

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

 

FRANCE: Ecophyto II+, update and improvement of Ecophyto II

Version II+ of Ecophyto plan, updating and improving Ecophyto II, was examined during the Strategic Orientation Committee (COS) of 27 July 2018. This new version features the actions planned in the French action plan of 25 April 2018 on plant protection products and on a less pesticide-dependent agriculture  and in the French action plan of 22 June 2018 for a ban of glyphosate within three years .

Among the issues, the ministers notably announced that, in a first step, renewals of authorisations of glyphosate-based products will only be obtained for a maximum period of three years. Besides, the uses for which comparative assessments will underline that non-chemical alternative solutions are available and are commonly used, will be banned progressively.

With regard to neonicotinoids, ministers indicated that only few exemptions to the ban are envisaged. Those exemptions will only concern acetamiprid-based products, for low volumes and after a comprehensive risk assessment.

The public consultation for Ecophyto II+, initially announced for July 2018, will be held in Autumn 2018. The plan is expected to be published by the end of 2018.

 

To download:

Press release of 27 July 2018 – Strategic orientation committee of Ecophyto plan (in French)

 

See also our previous articles:

FRANCE: Action plan for plant protection products

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

FRANCE: Action plan for plant protection products

The French action plan on plant protection products and on a less pesticide-dependent agriculture was presented on 25 April 2018. It incorporates the proposals of the stakeholders consulted since last February, 15th.

This action plan is structured around four priorities:

 

  • Rapidly reduce the use of substances of greatest health and environmental concerns

 

In this context, France will ask the European Commission to put an end as soon as possible to the approval of substances that are subject to cut-off criteria under the EU regulation: carcinogens category 1, mutagens category 1 or toxic for the reproduction category 1, or endocrine disruptors for humans or the environment, persistent bioaccumulative and toxic substances, or very persistent and very bioaccumulative substances. France will systematically oppose the extension and renewal of these substances.

France will also ask ANSES to start as early as 2018 a scientific review of the substances of greatest concern for health and the environment mentioned by the CGAAER-IGAS-CGEDD mission and whose European approval expires after 2018.

The plan provides for a separation of distribution and advising activities and a revision of the tax for diffuse pollution (RPPD) to encourage incentives to reduce the use of PPPs and help financially for the transitions.

 

  • Better know the impacts to better inform, protect the population and the professionals and preserve the environment

 

 

  • Amplify the research and development of alternatives and the implementation of these solutions by farmers

 

France will notably strengthen its support for the development of biocontrol by supporting the innovation of very small, small and medium-sized companies by mobilising the major investment plan and improving the approval process for biocontrol products (in particular by shortening timelines) and to propose at European level the recognition of biocontrol products in the context of the revision of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.

France will also support farmers towards the ban of glyphosate and the reduction of plant protection products within 3 years.

 

  • Strengthen the Ecophyto 2 plan, improve its governance and functioning

 

 

The Action Plan is accompanied by a timetable and a method of implementation:

  • Several working groups are set up in order to implement certain actions of the plan
  • Two referrals of scientific organisms have already been made, including one to ANSES:
    • development of specifications to launch an experimental study on the carcinogenicity of glyphosate

and 3 new referrals will be sent to ANSES in one month:

  • establishment of a list of the substances of greatest concern with regard to the risks they may pose to public health or the environment, in particular carcinogens, mutagens, reproductive toxins and endocrine disruptors which will still be approved after 2018;
  • identification of the substances of concern for which the Government will intervene with the European Commission so that they can be included as soon as possible in the list of substances candidates  for substitution;
  • proposals to strengthen existing regulations on pollinators, taking into account the safety of operators.

The Ecophyto 2 plan will be adapted to integrate the priorities of this action plan. The Ecophyto 2+ plan will be submitted for public consultation in July 2018.

 

To download:

Plan d’actions sur les produits phytopharmaceutiques et une agriculture moins dépendante aux pesticides (in French)

Mise en oeuvre du plan d’actions – Calendrier et méthode (in French)

 

See also our previous articles:

FRANCE: 18 actives on the hot seat: new action plan to reduce the use of PPPs

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

FRANCE: 18 actives on the hot seat: new action plan to reduce the use of PPPs

On 19 January 2018 the French government published a draft action plan on plant protection products to be finalised before the end of the first quarter of 2018.

The consultation will be conducted based on the Ecophyto national plan, which will be reviewed and adapted accordingly.

Four priorities are identified:

  1. Rapidly reducing the use of substances of greatest concern for the human health and the environment.
  2. Structuring and strengthening research on the impacts of PPPs on human health in support of strengthening the protection of populations.
  3. Supporting the research for alternatives and the implementation of these solutions by farmers.
  4. Strengthening the Ecophyto 2 plan, improving its governance and functioning.

In order to implement Priority 1, the action plan proposes that France opposes the renewal or extension of active substances of most concern at European level. Ministries could refer ANSES to, if necessary, define the necessary management measures (withdrawal of approvals, restriction of use) and carry out additional studies.

Overall, the action plan would concern 18 substances:

  • 6 actives expiring in 2018 (Chlorotoluron, Dimoxystrobin, Flumioxazin, Glufosinate, Diflufenican, Diquat)
  • 3 actives expiring after 2018 (Epoxiconazole, Profoxydim, Quizalofop-P-tefuryl)
  • 3 actives candidates for substitution (Metam-sodium, Metsulfuron methyl, Sulcotrione)
  • 5 actives identified as of concern by the mission (Bentazone, Mancozeb, Metazachlor, Prosulfocarb, S-Metalochlor)
  • Glyphosate will be part of this national and European approach and will be the subject of further studies, including experimental toxicological studies, for which the results will be expected within 3 years.

As for the implementation of Priority 3, the action plan proposes to promote biocontrol products (support  of small and medium-size companies during the registration process, proposal for the recognition of the status of biocontrol at EU level as part of the current REFIT of PPP legislation) and to promote preparations of little concern (so called “préparations naturelles peu préoccupantes” or PNPP) .

 

To download:  

Lancement de la concertation sur les propositions de plan d’actions sur les produits phytopharmaceutiques et une agriculture moins dépendante aux pesticides (In French)

Rapport des trois inspections (IGAS, CGAAER, CGEDD) sur l’utilisation des produits phytopharmaceutiques en France (In French)

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

 

FRANCE: Call for proposals for Ecophyto II National Plan

In France, a call for efficient and innovative proposals for the implementation of certain actions of Ecophyto II Plan was launched by the Ministry for Agriculture and the Ministry for the Environment.

It contains 13 types of projects for a total budget of over 5 millions euros.

Notable among the proposed projects: “Promoting and developing biocontrol”.

The response deadline is July 4, 2016.

 

Call for proposals for Ecophyto II National Plan (in French)

 

FRANCE: Ecophyto II, a new follow-up indicator

During the Strategic Orientation Committee (COS) of Ecophyto, a new composite indicator was introduced. It includes four components: research and innovation, advising and development, agro-ecological diagnosis, follow-up of the quantity used. It will complement the basket of indicators that already included the historical NODU indicator (Number of unit doses) and a pest pressure indicator.

These indicators will allow the implementation of the CEPP Certificates (plant protection products saving certificates) on July 1, 2016.

This new indicator has been well received by farmers and distributors since it allows to value good agricultural practices of farmers.

However CEPP certificates are still being through controversy since the system of penalties is deemed too complex.

 

PRESS RELEASE – operational launch of Ecophyto 2 plan with increased resources (in French)

Read our previous article: FRANCE: Publication of Ecophyto II Plan (in French)

 

FRANCE: EcophytoPIC: a new website on IPM (Integrated Pest Management)

The official website EcophytoPIC on integrated pest management has a new address: http://ecophytopic.fr/

New features are also available and allow faster access to more comprehensive and clearly classified information.

 

What is EcophytoPIC?

Born in the framework of Ecophyto Plan, the website EcophytoPIC aims to educate professionals in the agricultural sector on IPM, to keep them up to date on the regulatory framework and to change practices in order to reduce the use of plant protection products.

 

Overview of EcophytoPIC

EcophytoPIC website consists of a cross-platform (portal) and 6 branches platforms:

– Arable crops,

– Fruit crops,

– Vegetable crops,

– Tropical crops,

– Ornamentals (ornamental crops and perfume, medicinal and aromatic plants),

– Vines.

In each of these themes, relevant information is classified into thematic headings (principles and definitions, routes and cropping systems, survey, control methods, material and equipment, calendar, etc.).

 

News

– The guidance documents on efficient cropping systems reducing the use of PPPs are finally all available (fruit crops, vegetable crops, tropical crops, arable crops and vines);

– The Plant Health Bulletins are now available in all French overseas departments;

– Presentations from the symposium DEPHY 05/11/2015 are available online.

 

FRANCE: Publication of Ecophyto II Plan

The new version of Ecophyto II Plan was presented by Stéphane LE FOLL, Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry, and Government spokesman, on 26 October 2015.

The final version maintains the objective of quantitative reduction of the use of plant protection products in France (25% by 2020 and 50% by 2025) and the establishment of plant protection products saving Certificates (“Certificats d’Economie de Produits Phytopharmaceutiques (CEPP)”), and plans the creation of a new monitoring  indicator to improve taking into account (health and environmental) effects following the use of plant protection products (PPPs).

The practical implications of this new plan will be presented at the opening of the Governance Advisory Committee (“Comité consultatif de gouvernance”) of next 4 November.

Ecophyto II Plan

 

REMINDER:

Launched in France in 2009, Ecophyto I Plan aimed to reduce by 50% the use of PPPs within a period of 10 years, if possible. It was within the framework of the EC Directive 2009/128 on the sustainable use of PPPs and was to be reviewed every five years.

As such, the Prime Minister gave the Member of Parliament (“député”) Dominique Potier a mission to make recommendations for a new version of Ecophyto Plan. The latter submitted its report on December 23, 2014 and Ecophyto II draft Plan was released for public consultation from 8 to 29 June 2015. The consultation received over 4700 contributions from citizens, farmers, agricultural organisations, agrochemical companies, associations for the protection of the environment and consumer advocacy, local authorities.

 

FOCUS ON ECOPHYTO II PLAN:

The new Ecophyto II Plan contains 30 actions built around 6 axes. Lynxee consulting synthesised for you below the most relevant actions for agrochemical companies:

 

  • 1.  Plant protection products saving Certificates (“Certificats d’économie de produits phytopharmaceutiques = CEPP”)

The new plan recalls the establishment of CEPP under the French law for the future of Agriculture of 13 October 2014 and endorsed by the issuance of an Order on 8 October 2015 which organises its experiment.

Distributors (cooperatives and traders), referred to as “forced” (“obligés”), will promote the establishment, on farms, of recognised actions to decrease the use, risks and impacts of PPPs.

Recognised actions should involve as many sectors as possible and be widely disseminated in an educational format. They may for example concern biocontrol products, varieties resistant or tolerant to pests as well as decision tools, advice or investment in hardware to significantly limit or avoid the use of PPPs and the establishment of efficient cropping systems.

If a distributor does not reach the requirements that will have been notified to him for the “CEPP”, he will be subject to a penalty at the end of experimental period.

 

  • 2. Promoting biocontrol

Accompanying the applications for approval will be strengthened for innovative applications of biocontrol products. More generally, support for investment may be granted in order to promote the emergence of innovative French companies in this field.

The French authorities will ensure better consideration of biocontrol solutions within the framework of European regulation, including working on guidance documents on micro-organisms, pheromones and biological products.

The development of biocontrol solutions will be accompanied for sectors using a lot of agrochemicals but also to help provide solutions for orphan uses and to identify biocontrol solutions, today few, to control weeds, including invasive species challenging agriculture, biodiversity and health.

The use of these solutions will be encouraged by its recognition as an action giving right to “CEPP”.

The list of products remaining usable after the deadlines of “Labbé’s Law” will be established before 1 January 2016, circulated widely and regularly updated.

 

  • 3. The PPP monitoring system (“phytopharmacovigilance = PPV”)

The analysis from the phytopharmacovigilance data may lead, if necessary, to amend or withdraw the marketing authorisations for PPPs, to propose specific management measures, or to change the guidance documents for the assessment of PPPs in compliance with European regulations. The PPP monitoring system, supported by ANSES, will benefit from a special financing system levied on the turnover of responsible for the placing on the market of PPPs.

 

  • 4. The monitoring indicators of the use of PPPs

It will be proposed to the strategic steering committee to work for the establishment, before 31 December 2015, of a synthetic indicator proportional to the quantities of active substances in PPPs sold weighted by the conditions of use of these products or by their impact on health and the environment (including water and biodiversity). Toxicological values (impact assessed a priori on Human Health) and ecotoxicology (impact assessed a priori on the environment) will be directly usable and accessible to all.

This synthetic indicator will be the unit of account of the “CEPP” and will measure the achievement of the 25% and 50% reduction target of the use of PPPs and the risks and impacts associated with their use.

The monitoring will be complemented by other indicators, as and when they are finalised:

The NODU (“NOmbre de Doses Unitaires” = Number of Unit Doses) and QSA (“Quantité de Substances Actives vendues” = Quantity of active substances sold) will be broken down according to the modes of action of the product (herbicide, fungicide, insecticide, acaricide…) and their category (biocontrol, low risk, organic farming, CMR/T products).

The IFT (Indicateur de Fréquence de Traitement = treatment frequency index) will be maintained as a support tool for measuring and reducing the use of PPPs on the scale of the farm and territories. In continuation of ongoing work, the calculation of IFT “active substance” will be established and reference IFT will be extended to all sectors requiring this indicator.

The risk and impact indicators developed in Ecophyto I plan will be implemented to better measure the toxicity of the PPPs and their effects on health, biodiversity and air quality, and on dynamics of resistance development by pests and weeds, and development of harmful or invasive species. Indicators to characterise health and climate situation, changing cropping patterns and yields will be collected each year in order to contextualise the use of PPPs.

 

  • 5. Approbation and withdrawal of active substances

The new plan reaffirms the commitment of France to strengthen restrictions on use and remove as soon as possible products containing substances that are known or strongly suspected to be dangerous to Human Health or biodiversity (including CMR, endocrine disruptors). In particular, France urges the extension process of the European moratorium on all neonicotinoid pesticides.

The Government also seised ANSES in April 2015 asking them to quickly review the work done by the IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). The aim is to ensure their inclusion in the on-going  European Assessment of Glyphosate and to allow the French Authorities to propose appropriate measures at the European level when reviewing the draft decision to renew the approval of the substance.

To this end, France will ensure that the changes in the CLP classification (classification, labelling and packaging) of active substances are taken into account without delay as part of the implementation of European regulations on the authorisation of PPPs.

Furthermore the procedures for marketing authorisations will be reviewed so that they incorporate differentiated doses depending on the vegetative stage.

 

  • 6. Withdrawal of PPPs in gardens, vegetated areas and infrastructures (“jardins, espaces végétalisés et infrastructures = JEVI”)

Several measures are set up to support changes prescribed by “Labbé’s Law”:

  • List the biocontrol products (before 01.01.2016) and make it widely available,

  • Prohibit the sale, self-service (and the Internet) of PPPs for home gardeners,

  • Improve and communicate the good management of PPPs during the transition period,

  • Explore opportunities to make the training of users of PPPs qualifying, after verification of achievements, and develop continuous training for the use of alternative methods,

  • Promote the change of practices to reduce the use of PPPs through collective actions,

  • Promote efficient improvements and alternative methods for testing and improving the transfer of innovations to different users (from design to alternative management of spaces),

  • Inform gardeners of 2019 deadline and its consequences,

  • Coordinate organic practices monitoring of the “JEVI” territory.

 

  • 7. IPM (Integrated Pest Management) standards declined at national, regional and sectors levels

Pursuant to Regulation (EC) No.1107/2009 which mandates the application by farmers of principles of IPM, IPM standards will be developed in broad partnership, including the support of technical institutes.

 

  • 8. Financing of Ecophyto II Plan

The financial resources dedicated to Ecophyto II Plan come from the fee for diffuse pollution (“redevance pour pollutions diffuses = RPD”) paid by users, including farmers, in the purchase of certain PPPs. These resources amount to € 41 million allocated today to ONEMA to finance actions of Ecophyto II Plan.

The envelope will be increased by broadening the base of the fee for diffuse pollution to all active substances classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic to reproduction Category 2 (CMR 2), by Order of October 6, 2014, representing € 30 million (taken by the water agencies in 2015 and available in 2016).

This increase brings the financial envelope of Ecophyto II Plan from € 41 million to about € 71 million per year from 2016.

The supplementary budget of € 30 million per year will be devoted primarily to the financial support of farmers to enable a significant reduction in the use of PPPs and the risks and impacts associated with them.

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

 Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

 

FRANCE : Ecophyto II Plan public consultation

The draft of Ecophyto II Plan is in public consultation from 8 to 29 June 2015.

Lynxee consulting read for you the draft plan and offers this summary containing highlights.

The draft  of Ecophyto II Plan is organised around six themes:

Theme 1 – Acting now and changing practices

Theme 2 – Improving knowledge and tools for tomorrow and encouraging research and innovation

Theme 3 – Assessing and controlling risks and impacts

Theme 4 – Accelerating the transition to zero pesticides in gardens, amenity areas and infrastructure

Theme 5 – Public policies, territories and sectors

Theme 6 – Communicating and implementing a simplified governance

To remember:

  • The objective of 50% reduction in the use of plant protection products in France in ten years is reaffirmed, with a two-stage approach. First, in 2020, a reduction of 25% is targeted by the generalisation and optimisation of techniques currently available. Then, a 50% reduction by 2025.

  • A test of certificates for plant protection products savings  (certificats d’économies de produits phytopharmaceutiques (CEPP)) will be established in France for 5 years from 1 January 2016. It will contribute to the dissemination and wide sharing of techniques for reducing the use of plant protection products.

  • For biocontrol products, the support for applications for approval will be strengthened for innovative applications. More generally, support for investment may be granted in order to promote the emergence of innovative French companies in the field of biocontrol.

  • The French authorities will ensure better consideration of biocontrol solutions within the framework of European regulation, including working on guidance documents on micro-organisms, pheromones and biopesticides.

  • The list of biocontrol products still authorised for use after the deadlines of the law “Labbé” will be established before 1 January 2016, circulated widely and regularly updated.

  • Home and garden products will not be accessible self-service (and online) from 1 January 2018, but only through a salesperson certified and having knowledge in IPM. Biocontrol products will not be affected by this measure.

  • The Plant Health Report (Bulletin de Santé du Végétal) will be complemented by the presentation of alternative methods and prophylactic measures.

  • A Plant protection products monitoring Plan (“Phytopharmacovigilance”) will be implemented by Anses. Its purpose is the monitoring of adverse effects of plant protection products on humans, on livestock, including honeybees, on crops, on biodiversity, on wildlife, on water and soil, on air quality and on foods, and on the emergence of resistance to these products and alert the relevant authorities when adverse effects seem to require special management measures.
    The analysis of monitoring data may lead, if necessary, to amend or withdraw authorisations of approval of plant protection products, to propose specific management measures, or to change guidelines for the assessment of plant protection products in compliance with European regulations.
    The Plant protection products monitoring Plan will receive ad hoc funding taken from the turnover of plant protection products distributors.

  • A proactive action of awareness will be conducted by France to the other Member-States of the European Union and the European Commissioners for their share the need to strengthen restrictions on use and remove as soon as possible products containing substances for which hazards to human health or biodiversity (including CMR, glyphosate, endocrine disruptors, neonitocotinoids) are known or strongly suspected.

  • The terms of issue of plant protection products authorisations will be reviewed so that approvals incorporate differentiated doses depending on growth stage.

  • A guidance document on IPM will be developed with the support of technical institutes with a view to reduction and improvement of the use of plant protection products.

Public consultation on the draft of Ecophyto II Plan

http://agriculture.gouv.fr/Consultation-publique-Ecophyto-II