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FRANCE – ANSES: Revision of the scientific and technical report on air quality monitoring

ANSES published in June 2020 the first interpretation of the national survey results of pesticides substances in outdoor air (Campagne Nationale Exploratoire des Pesticides, CNEP) (see our previous article). 32 priory substances had been identified for further review for possible inclusion into a national pesticide monitoring plan in air.

A revision of this report has just been published in October 2020. Some precisions have been included and in particular the addition of hazard scores for carcinogenic, reprotoxic and endocrine disruptor effects and those leading to the inclusion of the substances in the list of the 32 substances of interest.

 

To download: 

Revised AST Report from Anses as regards the first interpretation of the national pesticides survey results (CNEP) in ambient air – October 2020 (in French)

 

See also our previous articles: 

FRANCE: Air quality monitoring, Anses identifies 32 priority substances

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

 

FRANCE: Air quality monitoring, Anses identifies 32 priority substances

A national survey of pesticide substances in outdoor air (campagne nationale exploratoire des pesticides, CNEP) was jointly conducted by Anses, Ineris and the Network of Approved Air Quality Monitoring Associations (AASQA) from June 2018 to June 2019. The survey aimed at “obtaining a photograph” of the substances present in the ambient air. The 75 substances investigated are, as appropriate, part of plant protection products, biocide products, veterinary medicines and pest control medicines for human use. These substances had been prioritised by Anses based on their hazard characteristics and on criteria for their use, emission and persistence in air.

Anses has just published a first interpretation of the survey results. It is a first step towards a proposal in the coming months for a permanent national monitoring of pesticides in air. 

Based on current knowledge, the results lead to the conclusion that there is not strong health issue  associated to the exposure of  the general population via outside air.

 

Among the 70 substances actually found in the outside air, Anses identifies 32 substances requiring further review for possible integration into a national pesticide monitoring plan in air: Deltamethrin, Diuron, Epoxiconazole, Etofenprox, Fenarimol, Iprodione, Lindane, Linuron, Metribuzin, Myclobutanil, Pentachlorophenol, Phosmet, Permethrin, 2,4-D, Boscalid, Chlorothalonil, Chlorpropham, Chlorpyriphos-ethyl, Cyprodinil, Fenpropidin, Fluazinam, Folpel, Glyphosate, Metazachlor, Oxadiazon, Pendimethalin, Propyzamide, Pyrimethanil, S-metolachlor, Spiroxamine, Tebuconazole, Triallate.

 

Among these 32 substances, 9 are banned (substances outlined above) and will be subject to an in-depth additional expert work by Anses very soon. Priority will be given to lindane, considered as one of the most hazardous substances (with carcinogenic, and/or reprotoxic and/or proven endocrine disrupting effects), and quantified in nearly 80% of analysed samples, even though this substance has been banned in France for many years.

 As regards the other priority substances, that are currently authorised, complementary expert work will soon be undertaken.

 

To download:

Press release of 2 July 2020 (In French)

AST Report from Anses as regards the first interpretation of the national pesticides survey results (CNEP) in ambient air (In French)

Report on data exploitation (INERIS) (In French)

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

FRANCE: Partial cancellation of the Order on the use of PPPs and adjuvants

On 26 June 2019, the French Council of State (‘Conseil d’État’) cancelled several provisions of the inter-ministerial Order of 4 May 2017 concerning the placing on the market and the use of plant protection products and their adjuvants “on the grounds that these provisions did not sufficiently protect public health and the environment”.

 

At the end of 2017, two environmental protection associations had appealed against this order on the grounds of ultra vires. The Council of State partially agree with them by pronouncing the cancellation of four provisions considered as insufficient.

– The Council of State notes that the Order does not set any general provision for the protection of residents of treated agricultural areas. Indeed the current risk mitigations measures only concern places with vulnerable people (playgrounds and spaces usually frequented by young children, establishments for health, elderly centers and public leisure spaces);

– the Council of State highlights that the current measures for preventing water contamination only concern application by spraying or by dusting. There is no measure for other types of application that can also lead to surface water contamination, especially by run-off (granules application, soil injection, etc). Therefore the Council of State deletes the text ‘by spraying or by dusting;

– the Council of State considers the Order as illegal on the grounds that the re-entry periods are set only when products are applied on vegetated areas. No measure exists for applications on bare soil. Therefore the Council of State deletes the text ‘vegetated areas’;

– lastly, the Council of State cancels the article 2 of the Order since it does not set concrete measures in order to prevent contamination by run-off in case of heavy rainfalls.

The State Minister and the Ministers for the ecological and inclusive transition, for agriculture and food, for economy and finance and for solidarity and health have to take the regulatory measures resulting from this decision within six months.

 

For further details:

Council of State decision of  26 June 2019, Pesticides regulation (in French)

 

See also our previous articles: 

FRANCE: The new Order on the Use of PPPs and adjuvants is finally published! 

 

Lynxee consulting’s team is at your disposal to answer your questions.

Contact us! http://lynxee.consulting/en/contact/

EFSA : Overview of the assessment of endocrine disrupting properties for active substances in the EU Pesticides Peer Review

EFSA has published a technical report that gives an overview on the assessments of potential endocrine effects performed under Regulation No.1107/2009 since 2014 (15 Conclusions on new active substances and 26 on applications for renewal).

For 24 active substances, including 3 microbial pesticide active substances, the available information has not led to the detection of specific concerns, however in the case of two substances EFSA has recommended additional studies to confirm this conclusion. Hazard or risk based concerns have been identified from the available information for 15 substances. These concerns are related to the application of the interim criteria (based on the classification for reproductive and carcinogenic effects), the identification of relevant adverse effects which could be related to endocrine mechanisms or both.

The number of substances assessed to date is insufficient to conduct a statistical analysis however a wide range of options is already evident. For some substances the interim criteria were not met, but EFSA highlighted evidence extracted from the regulatory studies or scientific publications suggesting possible concerns, and recommended the need for additional studies to finalise the assessment of the potential endocrine mediated adverse effects.

A number of active substances meet the interim criteria for the identification of endocrine disrupting properties and possible endocrine-mediated adverse effects were observed in mammals, while in one case the first interim criterion is met although the scientific evidence suggests that it is unlikely the substance to be endocrine disruptor in mammals (false positive). In addition, for some substances the interim criteria were not meet, but EFSA considers that some adverse effects, identified from the regulatory studies or scientific publications, could be linked to endocrine mediated mechanisms (false negatives), and therefore EFSA highlighted possible concerns and recommended the need for additional studies to finalise the assessment of the endocrine effects.

With this approach, the EFSA Conclusions offer risk managers, stakeholders and citizens a transparent assessment of the available evidence, offering information that can be used to support the decision making process.

Assessment of endocrine disrupting properties in EFSA Conclusions